Purification of human basophils using mouse monoclonal IgE

John T. Schroeder, L. Robert Hanrahan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A method was developed to purify human blood basophils using monoclonal mouse IgE. Enriched suspensions of basophils were sensitized with IgE anti-trinitrophenol (TNP) hapten which was prepared from hybridoma culture supernatants. Rosettes were induced with TNP-coupled red cells and separated from contaminating cells on Percoll gradients. Basophils were dissociated from red cells using cold hypotonic lysis. Using this technique the percentage of basophils was increased from less than 1% to an average of 83.5 ± 7.8% with a recovery of 58.0 ± 12.7%. Final purities were highest when enriched sensitized suspensions contained ≥ 10% basophils. Using a radioenzymatic assay, purified basophils were shown to contain an average of 1.3 ± 0.3 pg histamine. Anti-human, but not anti-mouse IgE, released histamine at an optimal dilution. Using this technique, in 3-4 h, we are able to prepare highly purified suspensions of basophils for further study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-277
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunological Methods
Volume133
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 19 1990

Keywords

  • Basophil
  • Fc RI
  • Histamine
  • IgE
  • Monoclonal antibody
  • Rosette

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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