NAD(P)H:(quinone-acceptor) oxidoreductase (EC 18.104.22.168) is a widely distributed enzyme which promotes two-electron reductions of quinones and thereby protects cells against damage by reactive oxygen species generated during oxidative cycling of quinones and semiquinone radicals. Quinone reductase activity represents a minor component (about 0.006%) of mouse liver cytosolic proteins under basal (uninduced) conditions. Two isofunctional forms of this quinone reductase have been purified to homogeneity (1700-fold) in 30% yield from the liver cytosols of female CD-1 mice in which the enzymes were induced by administration of 2(3)-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole. The purification involved ion exchange, hydrophobic, and affinity chromatographies. The two enzyme forms have been designated 'hydrophilic' and 'hydrophobic' based on the order of elution from phenyl-Sepharose. The more abundant hydrophilic form has been crystallized in the presence of FAD in the form of macroscopic tetragonal crystals. The two forms have similar isoelectric points (pI 9.2) and subunit molecular weights (M(r) = 30,000) and probably exist as dimers in the native state. Purified preparations of the enzymes are equiactive with NADH and NADPH and show almost complete dependence on added FAD for catalytic activity. The K(m) values for FAD of the hydrophilic and hydrophobic forms are 2.72 and 1.72 nM, respectively. Their catalytic activities are the same and are remarkably high for nicotinamide nucleotide-linked dehydrogenases; maximum velocities (expressed per mg of pure enzyme) approach 4000 units/mg of protein under appropriate assay conditions. When menadione is the electron acceptor, the K(m) value for this quinone is very low (K(m) ≃ 2 μM). Both enzyme forms are potently inhibited by dicoumarol. Rabbit antisera against the hydrophilic quinone reductase precipitate quantitatively the entire quinone reductase activity of mouse liver cytosols obtained from animals maintained on a standard diet or those induced with 3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole. The quinone reductase activity of rat liver cytosols is also quantitatively precipitated by this antiserum.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology