L-Pipecolic acid oxidase has been purified to near homogeneity from Rhesus monkey liver. The protein, a yellow monomer, has a molecular weight of 46,000 by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and a pI of 8.9. It contains a covalently bound flavin with absorption maxima at 457 and 383 nm and a shoulder at 480 nm. The purified enzyme is most reactive toward L-pipecolic acid, with lesser reactivities toward L-proline and sarcosine. The enzyme has no significant reactivity toward the D-enantiomer of pipecolic acid or toward any other amino acid tested. Benzoic acid is a competitive inhibitor of the enzyme with a K(i) of 750 μM. The K(m) of the purified enzyme is 3.7 mM for L-pipecolic acid. With less purified preparations, the reaction product is α-aminoadipic acid. The purified enzyme, however, produces an intermediate which reacts with ortho-aminobenzaldehyde to form an α-aminoadipic acid semialdehyde adduct. Thus, the formation of α-aminoadipic acid requires at least two enzymes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology