Pulmonary health effects in gulf war i service members exposed to depleted Uranium

Stella E. Hines, Patricia Gucer, Seth Kligerman, Richard Breyer, Jose Centeno, Joanna Gaitens, Marc Oliver, Susan Engelhardt, Katherine Squibb, Melissa McDiarmid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: In a population of Gulf War I veterans who sustained inhalational exposure to depleted uranium during friendly fire incidents in 1991, we evaluated whether those with high body burdens of uranium were more likely to have pulmonary health abnormalities than those with low body burdens. Methods: We compared self-reported respiratory symptoms, mean pulmonary function values, and prevalence of low-dose chest computed tomography abnormalities between high and low urine uranium groups. Results: We found no significant differences in respiratory symptoms, abnormal pulmonary function values, or prevalence of chest computed tomography abnormalities between high and low urine uranium groups. Overall, the cohortÊs pulmonary function values fell within the expected clinical range. Conclusions: Our Results support previous estimates that the depleted uranium levels inhaled during the 1991 friendly fire incidents likely do not cause long-term adverse pulmonary health effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)937-944
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume55
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Hines, S. E., Gucer, P., Kligerman, S., Breyer, R., Centeno, J., Gaitens, J., ... McDiarmid, M. (2013). Pulmonary health effects in gulf war i service members exposed to depleted Uranium. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 55(8), 937-944. https://doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0b013e31829176c7