Pullout strength of standard vs. cement-augmented rotator cuff repair anchors in cadaveric bone

Keith T. Aziz, Brendan Y. Shi, Louis C. Okafor, Jeremy Smalley, Stephen M Belkoff, Uma Srikumaran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: We evaluate a novel method of rotator cuff repair that uses arthroscopic equipment to inject bone cement into placed suture anchors. A cadaver model was used to assess the pullout strength of this technique versus anchors without augmentation. Methods: Six fresh-frozen matched pairs of upper extremities were screened to exclude those with prior operative procedures, fractures, or neoplasms. One side from each pair was randomized to undergo standard anchor fixation with the contralateral side to undergo anchor fixation augmented with bone cement. After anchor fixation, specimens were mounted on a servohydraulic testing system and suture anchors were pulled at 90° to the insertion to simulate the anatomic pull of the rotator cuff. Sutures were pulled at 1 mm/s until failure. Findings: The mean pullout strength was 540 N (95% confidence interval, 389 to 690 N) for augmented anchors and 202 N (95% confidence interval, 100 to 305 N) for standard anchors. The difference in pullout strength was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Interpretation: This study shows superior pullout strength of a novel augmented rotator cuff anchor technique. The described technique, which is achieved by extruding polymethylmethacrylate cement through a cannulated in situ suture anchor with fenestrations, significantly increased the ultimate failure load in cadaveric human humeri. This novel augmented fixation technique was simple and can be implemented with existing instrumentation. In osteoporotic bone, it may substantially reduce the rate of anchor failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)132-136
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Biomechanics
Volume54
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

Keywords

  • Augmented rotator cuff anchor technique
  • Bone cement
  • Pullout strength
  • Rotator cuff repair
  • Standard anchor fixation
  • Suture anchors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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