PUFA and aging modulate cardiac mitochondrial membrane lipid composition and Ca2+ activation of PDH

Salvatore Pepe, Naotaka Tsuchiya, Edward G. Lakatta, Richard G. Hansford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aberrations in cell Ca2+ homeostasis have been known to parallel both changes in membrane lipid composition and aging. Previous work has shown that the lowered efficiency of work performance, which occurs in isolated hearts from rats fed a diet rich in n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), relative to those fed n-3 PUFA, could be raised by mitochondrial (Mito) Ca2+ transport inhibition. We tested whether, after Ca2+-dependent stress, the Ca2+-dependent activation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH(A)/PDH(Total)) and Mito Ca2+ cycling could be manipulated by varying the ratio of n-3 to n-6 PUFA in Mito membranes in young (6 mo) and aged (24 mo) isolated rat hearts treated to n-3 or n-6 PUFA-rich diet. Inotropic stimulation by 1 μM norepinephrine (NE) of 24-mo n-6 PUFA-rich hearts elevated total Mito Ca2+ content 38% more than in 6-mo hearts (P < 0.05). However, both the NE- induced rise in Mito Ca2+ and the difference in response between 6- and 24- mo hearts were partially abolished by n-3 PUFA treatment. NE increased the fractional activation of PDH by 44% above control levels in the 6-mo group compared with 49% in the 24-mo group after n-6 PUFA diet. However, NE stimulation of PDHA was attenuated by n-3 PUFA diet, attaining values only 29 and 23% above control levels in 6- and 24-mo mitochondria, respectively (P < 0.05). Global ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) in n-6 PUFA hearts gave rise to higher levels of total Mito Ca2+ concentration (P < 0.0001) and PDHA (P < 0.0001) compared with n-3 PUFA. Ruthenium red (3.4 μM) abolished the effects of I/R in all groups. With aging, heart Mito membrane phosphatidylcholine was increased after n-6 PUFA-rich diet (by -15%, P < 0.05), whereas cardiolipin and n-3 PUFA content were diminished by 31% (P < 0.05) and 73% (P < 0.05), respectively. These effects were prevented by n-3 PUFA-rich diet. The present study, by directly manipulating the cardiac Mito membrane n-3-to-n-6 PUFA ratio, shows that the activation of Ca2+-dependent PDH can be augmented when the n-3-to-n-6 PUFA ratio is low (n-6 PUFA-rich diet; 24-mo hearts) or attenuated when this ratio is relatively high (n-3 PUFA-rich diet). We propose that one of the consequences of dietary-induced manipulation of membrane phospholipids and PUFAs may be the altered flux of Ca2+ across the Mito membrane and thus altered intramitochondrial Ca2+-dependent processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H149-H158
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume276
Issue number1 45-1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1999

Keywords

  • Calcium
  • Heart
  • Mitochondria
  • Pyruvate dehydrogenase
  • Rat
  • ω-3/ω-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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