Public health-specific personal disaster preparedness training

An academic-practice collaboration

Sivan Kohn, Natalie Lynn Semon, Haley K. Hedlin, Carol Thompson, Felicity Marum, Sebra Jenkins, Catherine C. Slemp, Daniel J Barnett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To measure the following three relevant outcomes of a personal preparedness curriculum for public health workers: 1) the extent of change (increase) in knowledge about personal preparedness activities and knowledge about tools for conducting personal preparedness activities; 2) the extent of change (increase) in preparedness activities performed post-training and/or confidence in conducting these tasks; and 3) an understanding of how to improve levels of personal preparedness using the Extended Parallel Process Model (EPPM) framework. Design: Cross-sectional preinterventional and postinterventional survey using a convenience sample. Setting: During 2010, three face-to-face workshops were conducted in three locations in West Virginia. Participants: One hundred thirty-one participants (baseline survey); 69 participants (1-year resurvey)- representing West Virginia local health department (LHD) and State Health Department employees. Interventions: A 3-hour interactive, public health-specific, face-to-face workshop on personal disaster preparedness. Main outcome measure(s): Change in 1) knowledge about, and tools for, personal preparedness activities; 2) preparedness activities performed post-training and/or confidence in conducting these activities; and 3) the relationship of EPPM categories to personal preparedness activities. Results: One year postworkshop, 77 percent of respondents reported having personal emergency kits (40 percent at baseline) and 67 percent reported having preparedness plans (38 percent at baseline) suggesting some participants assembled supply kits and plans postworkshop.Within the context of EPPM, respondents in high-threat categories agreed more often than respondents in low-threat categories that severe personal impacts were likely to result from a moderate flood. Compared to respondents categorized as low efficacy, respondents in high-efficacy categories perceived confidence in their knowledge and an impact of their response on their job success at higher rates. Conclusions: Personal disaster preparedness trainings for the LHD workforce can yield gains in relevant preparedness behaviors and attitudes but may require longitudinal reinforcement. The EPPM can offer a useful threat and efficacy-based lens to understand relevant perceptions surrounding personal disaster preparedness behaviors among LHD employees.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-73
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Emergency Management
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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Disasters
Public health
disaster
Teaching
Public Health
public health
Health
Personnel
confidence
Occupational Health
threat
health
job success
Curricula
Lenses
employee
Reinforcement
Health Manpower
Education
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Disaster
  • Extended Parallel Process Model
  • Personal
  • Preparedness
  • Public health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Safety Research
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Cite this

Public health-specific personal disaster preparedness training : An academic-practice collaboration. / Kohn, Sivan; Semon, Natalie Lynn; Hedlin, Haley K.; Thompson, Carol; Marum, Felicity; Jenkins, Sebra; Slemp, Catherine C.; Barnett, Daniel J.

In: Journal of Emergency Management, Vol. 12, No. 1, 2014, p. 55-73.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kohn, Sivan ; Semon, Natalie Lynn ; Hedlin, Haley K. ; Thompson, Carol ; Marum, Felicity ; Jenkins, Sebra ; Slemp, Catherine C. ; Barnett, Daniel J. / Public health-specific personal disaster preparedness training : An academic-practice collaboration. In: Journal of Emergency Management. 2014 ; Vol. 12, No. 1. pp. 55-73.
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