PTPμ suppresses glioma cell migration and dispersal

Adam M. Burgoyne, Juan M. Palomo, Polly J. Phillips-Mason, Susan M. Burden-Gulley, Denice L. Major, Anita Zaremba, Shenandoah Robinson, Andrew E. Sloan, Michael A. Vogelbaum, Robert H. Miller, Susann M. Brady-Kalnay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The cell-surface receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase mu (PTPμ) is a homophilic cell adhesion molecule expressed in CNS neurons and glia. Glioblastomas (GBMs) are the highest grade of primary brain tumors with astrocytic similarity and are characterized by marked dispersal of tumor cells. PTPμ expression was examined in human GBM, low-grade astrocytoma, and normal brain tissue. These studies revealed a striking loss of PTPμ protein expression in highly dispersive GBMs compared to less dispersive low-grade astrocytomas and normal brain. We hypothesized that PTPμ contributes to contact inhibition of glial cell migration by transducing signals in response to cell adhesion. Therefore, loss of PTPμ may contribute to the extensive dispersal of GBMs. The migration of brain tumor cells was assessed in vitro using a scratch wound assay. Parental U-87 MG cells express PTPm and exhibited limited migration. However, short-hairpin RNA (shRNA)-mediated knockdown of PTPμ induced a morphological change and increased migration. Next, a brain slice assay replicating the three-dimensional environment of the brain was used. To assess migration, labeled U-87 MG glioma cells were injected into adult rat brain slices, and their movement was followed over time. Parental U-87 MG cells demonstrated limited dispersal in this assay. However, PTPμ shRNA induced migration and dispersal of U-87 MG cells in the brain slice. Finally, in a mouse xenograft model of intracranially injected U-87 MG cells, PTPμ shRNA induced morphological heterogeneity in these xenografts. Together, these data suggest that loss of PTPμ in human GBMs contributes to tumor cell migration and dispersal, implicating loss of PTPμ in glioma progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)767-778
Number of pages12
JournalNeuro-oncology
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009

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Keywords

  • Cell migration
  • Dispersal
  • Glioblastoma
  • PTPμ
  • Protein tyrosine phosphatase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Burgoyne, A. M., Palomo, J. M., Phillips-Mason, P. J., Burden-Gulley, S. M., Major, D. L., Zaremba, A., Robinson, S., Sloan, A. E., Vogelbaum, M. A., Miller, R. H., & Brady-Kalnay, S. M. (2009). PTPμ suppresses glioma cell migration and dispersal. Neuro-oncology, 11(6), 767-778. https://doi.org/10.1215/15228517-2009-019