PTBP1 and PTBP2 Repress Nonconserved Cryptic Exons

Jonathan P. Ling, Resham Chhabra, Jonathan D. Merran, Paul M. Schaughency, Sarah Wheelan, Jeffry Lynn Corden, Philip Chun Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The fidelity of RNA splicing is maintained by a network of factors, but the molecular mechanisms that govern this process have yet to be fully elucidated. We previously found that TDP-43, an RNA-binding protein implicated in neurodegenerative disease, utilizes UG microsatellites to repress nonconserved cryptic exons and prevent their incorporation into mRNA. Here, we report that two well-characterized splicing factors, polypyrimidine tract-binding protein 1 (PTBP1) and polypyrimidine tract-binding protein 2 (PTBP2), are also nonconserved cryptic exon repressors. In contrast to TDP-43, PTBP1 and PTBP2 utilize CU microsatellites to repress both conserved tissue-specific exons and nonconserved cryptic exons. Analysis of these conserved splicing events suggests that PTBP1 and PTBP2 repression is titrated to generate the transcriptome diversity required for neuronal differentiation. We establish that PTBP1 and PTBP2 are members of a family of cryptic exon repressors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)104-113
Number of pages10
JournalCell Reports
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 27 2016

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Polypyrimidine Tract-Binding Protein
Exons
Microsatellite Repeats
Neurodegenerative diseases
RNA Splicing
RNA-Binding Proteins
Transcriptome
Neurodegenerative Diseases
RNA
Tissue

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

PTBP1 and PTBP2 Repress Nonconserved Cryptic Exons. / Ling, Jonathan P.; Chhabra, Resham; Merran, Jonathan D.; Schaughency, Paul M.; Wheelan, Sarah; Corden, Jeffry Lynn; Wong, Philip Chun.

In: Cell Reports, Vol. 17, No. 1, 27.09.2016, p. 104-113.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ling, Jonathan P. ; Chhabra, Resham ; Merran, Jonathan D. ; Schaughency, Paul M. ; Wheelan, Sarah ; Corden, Jeffry Lynn ; Wong, Philip Chun. / PTBP1 and PTBP2 Repress Nonconserved Cryptic Exons. In: Cell Reports. 2016 ; Vol. 17, No. 1. pp. 104-113.
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AU - Wong, Philip Chun

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