Psychotomimetic opiate receptors labeled and visualized with (+)-[3H]3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-N-(1-propyl)piperidine

B. L. Largent, A. L. Gundlach, S. H. Snyder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)-N-(1-propyl)piperidine (3-PPP) has been proposed as a selective dopamine autoreceptor agonist in the central nervous system. This report describes the pharmacology and localization of specific high-affinity binding sites for (+)-[3H]3-PPP in brain. The drug specificity of (+)-[3H]3-PPP binding is identical to that of σ receptors, which may mediate psychotomimetic effects of some opiates. Haloperidol and the opioid derivatives, pentazocine, cyclazocine and SKF 10,047 are potent inhibitors of (+)-[3H]3-PPP binding. Stereoselectivity is exhibited for the (+) isomers of cyclazocine and SKF 10,047 at the σ site, opposite to the stereoselectivity seen at μ, δ, and κ opiate receptors. (+)-[3H]3-PPP does not label dopamine receptors, as potent dopamine agonists and antagonists are weak inhibitors of binding and the localization of specific (+)-[3H]3-PPP binding sites does not parallel that of dopamine neurons. Discrete localizations of (+)-[3H]3-PPP binding sites in many brain areas including limbic, midbrain, brainstem, and cerebellar regions may explain psychotomimetic actions of opiates and behavioral effects of 3-PPP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4983-4987
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number15 I
StatePublished - 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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