Psychosocial Impact of Facial Paralysis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of Review: The aim of this review was to identify the relevant literature characterizing the psychosocial impact of facial paralysis from societal and patient perspectives. Recent Findings: Facial paralysis results in a measurable attentional distraction for casual observers and significantly penalizes social perceptions with patients appearing less attractive, having a more negative affect, and lower quality of life compared to individuals without facial paralysis. Furthermore, facial paralysis causes patients to have lower self-esteem, higher rates of depression, increased anxiety, and reduced quality of life, especially in female patients. Facial paralysis impairs facial expression recognition for both observers and patients resulting in a facial feedback mechanism that negatively affecting patients’ emotions. Summary: Patients with facial paralysis suffer from impaired social interactions, disruption of self-concept, psychological distress, and decreased overall quality of life. Additional studies are required to better understand ability of patients to cope and the psychosocial benefit of treatment strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-160
Number of pages10
JournalCurrent Otorhinolaryngology Reports
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Facial paralysis
  • Psychological distress
  • Psychosocial heath
  • Quality of life
  • Self-concept
  • Social perceptions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Surgery
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Clinical Neurology

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