Psychosocial factors in diabetes control: Adjustment of insulin-treated adults

M. Peyrot, J. F. McMurry

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Twenty insulin-treated diabetic adults were studied to identify psychosocial factors important in diabetic (blood glucose) control. Diabetic control was assessed by glycosylated hemoglobin, a measure of long-term glucose control. Subjects were equally divided between 'good' and 'poor' glucose control groups with sex balanced in each group. A multifactorial biopsychosocial model was proposed and tested. This model incorporated both direct (psychophysiologic) and indirect (behavioral) components. The behavioral variables investigated included predisposing (orientational), enabling (resource/barrier), and conditioning (inhibiting and motivating) factors. The psychophysiologic variables investigated were stress-response factors (elevating and dampening). Univariate and multivariate analysis demonstrated significant relationships between glucose control and each category of variables, using measures of diabetes knowledge and attitudes, health locus of control, and coping styles. The findings support both the stress-coping illness and health-belief/illness-behavior models of diabetic adjustment and control.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)542-557
    Number of pages16
    JournalPsychosomatic medicine
    Volume47
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 1985

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Applied Psychology
    • Psychiatry and Mental health

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