Psychometric evaluation of the Brazilian version of the pediatric asthma control and communication instrument

Thayla Amorim Santino, Raquel Emanuele de França Mendes Alves, Karolinne Souza Monteiro, Sande O. Okelo, Cecília M. Patino, João Carlos Alchieri, Karla Morganna P.P. Mendonça

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: There is a lack of questionnaires capable of evaluating the clinical control of Brazilian children and adolescents with asthma over a wide age range. The Pediatric Asthma Control and Communication Instrument (PACCI) has been validated, but only with English- and Spanish-speaking children in the United States. Objectives: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Brazilian version of the PACCI questionnaire. Methods: A cross-sectional psychometric study conducted with children and adolescents aged 01 to 19 years with a clinical diagnosis of asthma, and their respective parents/guardians. The following assessments were conducted: socioeconomic status; clinical control using the Childhood Asthma Control Test (c-ACT), Asthma Control Test (ACT); caregiver quality of life using the Pediatric Asthma Caregivers Quality of Life Questionnaire (PACQLQ); and pulmonary function test (spirometry). Validity was evaluated as follows: exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis; Cronbach's alpha analysis (α); floor and ceiling effects; receiver operator characteristic curve analysis. Results: A total of 128 participants were included, most of them male (54.7%). The Brazilian version of PACCI had adequate internal consistency (α =.76) and moderate floor and ceiling effects. The internal structure presented acceptable adjustment indices, considering the extraction of four factors. The factors presented adequate α values. Asthma control factor 1 correlated with c-ACT/ACT and PACQLQ. Control domain scores greater than four points (sum of score) and above 1 point (problem index) were indicative of uncontrolled asthma. Conclusion: The Brazilian version of PACCI was able to provide valid and reliable measures in evaluating the clinical control of asthma in Brazilian children and adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1900-1907
Number of pages8
JournalPediatric pulmonology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020


  • adolescent
  • asthma
  • child
  • surveys and questionnaires
  • validation studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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