Psychological side effects of breast cancer screening.

C. Lerman, Bruce Trock, B. K. Rimer, C. Jepson, D. Brody, A. Boyce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Evaluated the impact of receiving abnormal mammogram results on women's anxiety and breast cancer worries and on their breast self-examination (BSE) frequency and intentions to obtain subsequent mammograms. A telephone survey was conducted with 308 women 50 years old and older approximately 3 months following a screening mammogram. Subjects included women with suspicious abnormal mammograms, nonsuspicious abnormal mammograms, and normal mammograms. Women with suspicious abnormal mammograms exhibited significantly elevated levels of mammography-related anxiety and breast cancer worries that interfered with their moods and functioning, despite the fact that diagnostic work-ups had ruled out breast cancer. Women with moderate levels of impairment in mood or functioning were more likely to practice monthly BSE than women with either high or low levels of impairment. Breast cancer worries, perceived susceptibility to breast cancer, and physician encouragement to get mammograms all exhibited independent positive relationships to mammogram intentions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-267
Number of pages9
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

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Early Detection of Cancer
Breast Neoplasms
Psychology
Breast Self-Examination
Anxiety
Mammography
Telephone
Physicians

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Lerman, C., Trock, B., Rimer, B. K., Jepson, C., Brody, D., & Boyce, A. (1991). Psychological side effects of breast cancer screening. Health Psychology, 10(4), 259-267. https://doi.org/10.1037//0278-6133.10.4.259

Psychological side effects of breast cancer screening. / Lerman, C.; Trock, Bruce; Rimer, B. K.; Jepson, C.; Brody, D.; Boyce, A.

In: Health Psychology, Vol. 10, No. 4, 1991, p. 259-267.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lerman, C, Trock, B, Rimer, BK, Jepson, C, Brody, D & Boyce, A 1991, 'Psychological side effects of breast cancer screening.', Health Psychology, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 259-267. https://doi.org/10.1037//0278-6133.10.4.259
Lerman, C. ; Trock, Bruce ; Rimer, B. K. ; Jepson, C. ; Brody, D. ; Boyce, A. / Psychological side effects of breast cancer screening. In: Health Psychology. 1991 ; Vol. 10, No. 4. pp. 259-267.
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