Psychological distress of patients experiencing different types of road traffic injuries in vietnam

Chi Linh Hoang, Hai Minh Vu, Hai Quang Pham, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Linh Gia Vu, Bach Xuan Tran, Carl A. Latkin, Roger C.M. Ho, Cyrus S.H. Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Road-related injuries are often catastrophic, and the eighth leading cause of all-aged mortality. While psychological problems, including anxiety, driving phobia, and post-traumatic stress have been found to be common among injured survivors, the literature in this area is still limited. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of distress between different types of road injuries among 413 patients in Thai Binh hospitals from October to December 2018. The Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6) was used to assess mental health status. Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics were also collected. The results of Multiple Logistic and Tobit regression models were utilized. Psychological issues were found in 13.8% of the participants. In terms of K6 profile, nervous, restless/fidgety, and “everything was an effort” were the three most frequently endorsed aspects. Having soft-tissue injuries had a 0.32-time lower likelihood of psychological distress compared to those having other injuries. Additionally, patients who were diagnosed with fractures were 4.5-times more likely to report psychological distress. Our finding highlights the need for psychological screening to reduce disabilities associated with non-fatal injury related to road traffic crashes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3429
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number10
StatePublished - May 2 2020


  • Non-fatal injuries
  • Psychological distress
  • Road traffic injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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