Psychological correlates of mental stress-induced ischemia in the laboratory: The psychophysiological investigation of myocardial ischemia (PIMI) study

Mark W. Ketterer, Kenneth E. Freedland, David S. Krantz, Peter Kaufmann, Sandra Forman, Anthony Greene, James Raczynski, Genell Knatterud, Kathy Light, Robert M. Carney, Peter Stone, Lewis Becker, David Sheps

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Participants consisted of 184 patients (160 males, 24 females) with positive angiograms or prior myocardial infarctions who displayed at least 1 mm of ST segment depression on a standardized treadmill test. Mean scores on the Reward Dependence subscale of the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire were higher in patients displaying ischemia during mental stress. Patients who reported higher levels of irritability/anger in response to the Speech stressor were also more likely to display ischemia. However, this result was primarily a result of the females in the sample whose ratings of interest and irritability were associated with ischemia during the Speech task. Psychometric measures previously found in prospective studies to predict acute cardiac events were unrelated to mental stress-induced ischemia in the laboratory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-85
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anger
  • Ischemia
  • Mental stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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