Psychological attributes of participants and nonparticipants in a worksite health and fitness center

Mary A. Steinhardt, Deborah Rohm Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study examined differences in psychological attributes (eg, estimation of physical ability, attraction to physical activity, self-motivation, and attitudinal commitment to physical activity) among 646 participants and nonparticipants in an onsite health and fitness program. An analysis of the data, using stepwise multiple regression and controlling for age and sex, revealed that the psychological attributes significantly predicted group membership (R2=.27). Increased participation was related to higher levels of attitudinal commitment β =.48) and self-motivation (β =.16). Increased participation, however, was inversely related to estimation of physical ability (β = -.17). Results of the stepwise multiple discriminant analysis showed that nonparticipants and high active participants could be classified using the predetermined variables with an accuracy of 32.7% and 40.1% gain above base rate, respectively. Low active and moderately active participants were classified at a rate only equal to chance. The authors discuss implications for programming strategies to increase participation in onsite programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-46
Number of pages7
JournalBehavioral Medicine
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

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Fitness Centers
Workplace
Psychology
Health
Discriminant Analysis

Keywords

  • Attitudinal commitment
  • Estimation of physical ability
  • Physical activity
  • Self-motivation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Psychological attributes of participants and nonparticipants in a worksite health and fitness center. / Steinhardt, Mary A.; Young, Deborah Rohm.

In: Behavioral Medicine, Vol. 18, No. 1, 1992, p. 40-46.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Steinhardt, Mary A. ; Young, Deborah Rohm. / Psychological attributes of participants and nonparticipants in a worksite health and fitness center. In: Behavioral Medicine. 1992 ; Vol. 18, No. 1. pp. 40-46.
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