Psychological and social characteristics associated with religiosity in women's health initiative participants

Eliezer Schnall, Solomon Kalkstein, George Fitchett, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Judith Ockene, Hilary Aurora Tindle, Asha Mary Thomas, Julie R. Hunt, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Measures of religiosity are linked to health outcomes, possibly indicating mediating effects of associated psychological and social factors. We examined cross-sectional data from 92,539 postmenopausal participants of the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study who responded to questions on religious service attendance, psychological characteristics, and social support domains. We present odds ratios from multiple logistic regressions controlling for covariates. Women attending services weekly during the past month, compared with those not attending at all in the past month, were less likely to be depressed [OR = 0.78; CI = 0.74-0.83] or characterized by cynical hostility [OR = 0.94; CI = 0.90-0.98], and more likely to be optimistic [OR = 1.22; CI = 1.17-1.26]. They were also more likely to report overall positive social support [OR = 1.28; CI = 1.24-1.33], as well as social support of four subtypes (emotional/informational support, affection support, tangible support, and positive social interaction), and were less likely to report social strain [OR = 0.91; CI = 0.88-0.94]. However, those attending more or less than weekly were not less likely to be characterized by cynical hostility, nor were they less likely to report social strain, compared to those not attending during the past month.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-31
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Religion and Health
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012

Fingerprint

Women's Health
Social Support
Hostility
Psychology
Interpersonal Relations
Observational Studies
Logistic Models
Odds Ratio
Health
Sociological Factors
Psychological
Religiosity

Keywords

  • Religion and health
  • Religion and psychology
  • Religious attendance and health
  • Religious behavior and health
  • Religious behavior and psychological characteristics
  • Religious behavior and social strain
  • Religious behavior and social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Religious studies
  • Medicine(all)
  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Schnall, E., Kalkstein, S., Fitchett, G., Salmoirago-Blotcher, E., Ockene, J., Tindle, H. A., ... Wassertheil-Smoller, S. (2012). Psychological and social characteristics associated with religiosity in women's health initiative participants. Journal of Religion and Health, 51(1), 20-31. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-011-9549-6

Psychological and social characteristics associated with religiosity in women's health initiative participants. / Schnall, Eliezer; Kalkstein, Solomon; Fitchett, George; Salmoirago-Blotcher, Elena; Ockene, Judith; Tindle, Hilary Aurora; Thomas, Asha Mary; Hunt, Julie R.; Wassertheil-Smoller, Sylvia.

In: Journal of Religion and Health, Vol. 51, No. 1, 03.2012, p. 20-31.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schnall, E, Kalkstein, S, Fitchett, G, Salmoirago-Blotcher, E, Ockene, J, Tindle, HA, Thomas, AM, Hunt, JR & Wassertheil-Smoller, S 2012, 'Psychological and social characteristics associated with religiosity in women's health initiative participants', Journal of Religion and Health, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 20-31. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-011-9549-6
Schnall, Eliezer ; Kalkstein, Solomon ; Fitchett, George ; Salmoirago-Blotcher, Elena ; Ockene, Judith ; Tindle, Hilary Aurora ; Thomas, Asha Mary ; Hunt, Julie R. ; Wassertheil-Smoller, Sylvia. / Psychological and social characteristics associated with religiosity in women's health initiative participants. In: Journal of Religion and Health. 2012 ; Vol. 51, No. 1. pp. 20-31.
@article{be3a15c4192d4c5dbcf1972034bc965a,
title = "Psychological and social characteristics associated with religiosity in women's health initiative participants",
abstract = "Measures of religiosity are linked to health outcomes, possibly indicating mediating effects of associated psychological and social factors. We examined cross-sectional data from 92,539 postmenopausal participants of the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study who responded to questions on religious service attendance, psychological characteristics, and social support domains. We present odds ratios from multiple logistic regressions controlling for covariates. Women attending services weekly during the past month, compared with those not attending at all in the past month, were less likely to be depressed [OR = 0.78; CI = 0.74-0.83] or characterized by cynical hostility [OR = 0.94; CI = 0.90-0.98], and more likely to be optimistic [OR = 1.22; CI = 1.17-1.26]. They were also more likely to report overall positive social support [OR = 1.28; CI = 1.24-1.33], as well as social support of four subtypes (emotional/informational support, affection support, tangible support, and positive social interaction), and were less likely to report social strain [OR = 0.91; CI = 0.88-0.94]. However, those attending more or less than weekly were not less likely to be characterized by cynical hostility, nor were they less likely to report social strain, compared to those not attending during the past month.",
keywords = "Religion and health, Religion and psychology, Religious attendance and health, Religious behavior and health, Religious behavior and psychological characteristics, Religious behavior and social strain, Religious behavior and social support",
author = "Eliezer Schnall and Solomon Kalkstein and George Fitchett and Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher and Judith Ockene and Tindle, {Hilary Aurora} and Thomas, {Asha Mary} and Hunt, {Julie R.} and Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller",
year = "2012",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1007/s10943-011-9549-6",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "51",
pages = "20--31",
journal = "Journal of Religion and Health",
issn = "0022-4197",
publisher = "Kluwer Academic/Human Sciences Press Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Psychological and social characteristics associated with religiosity in women's health initiative participants

AU - Schnall, Eliezer

AU - Kalkstein, Solomon

AU - Fitchett, George

AU - Salmoirago-Blotcher, Elena

AU - Ockene, Judith

AU - Tindle, Hilary Aurora

AU - Thomas, Asha Mary

AU - Hunt, Julie R.

AU - Wassertheil-Smoller, Sylvia

PY - 2012/3

Y1 - 2012/3

N2 - Measures of religiosity are linked to health outcomes, possibly indicating mediating effects of associated psychological and social factors. We examined cross-sectional data from 92,539 postmenopausal participants of the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study who responded to questions on religious service attendance, psychological characteristics, and social support domains. We present odds ratios from multiple logistic regressions controlling for covariates. Women attending services weekly during the past month, compared with those not attending at all in the past month, were less likely to be depressed [OR = 0.78; CI = 0.74-0.83] or characterized by cynical hostility [OR = 0.94; CI = 0.90-0.98], and more likely to be optimistic [OR = 1.22; CI = 1.17-1.26]. They were also more likely to report overall positive social support [OR = 1.28; CI = 1.24-1.33], as well as social support of four subtypes (emotional/informational support, affection support, tangible support, and positive social interaction), and were less likely to report social strain [OR = 0.91; CI = 0.88-0.94]. However, those attending more or less than weekly were not less likely to be characterized by cynical hostility, nor were they less likely to report social strain, compared to those not attending during the past month.

AB - Measures of religiosity are linked to health outcomes, possibly indicating mediating effects of associated psychological and social factors. We examined cross-sectional data from 92,539 postmenopausal participants of the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study who responded to questions on religious service attendance, psychological characteristics, and social support domains. We present odds ratios from multiple logistic regressions controlling for covariates. Women attending services weekly during the past month, compared with those not attending at all in the past month, were less likely to be depressed [OR = 0.78; CI = 0.74-0.83] or characterized by cynical hostility [OR = 0.94; CI = 0.90-0.98], and more likely to be optimistic [OR = 1.22; CI = 1.17-1.26]. They were also more likely to report overall positive social support [OR = 1.28; CI = 1.24-1.33], as well as social support of four subtypes (emotional/informational support, affection support, tangible support, and positive social interaction), and were less likely to report social strain [OR = 0.91; CI = 0.88-0.94]. However, those attending more or less than weekly were not less likely to be characterized by cynical hostility, nor were they less likely to report social strain, compared to those not attending during the past month.

KW - Religion and health

KW - Religion and psychology

KW - Religious attendance and health

KW - Religious behavior and health

KW - Religious behavior and psychological characteristics

KW - Religious behavior and social strain

KW - Religious behavior and social support

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84857446468&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84857446468&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10943-011-9549-6

DO - 10.1007/s10943-011-9549-6

M3 - Article

C2 - 22069057

AN - SCOPUS:84857446468

VL - 51

SP - 20

EP - 31

JO - Journal of Religion and Health

JF - Journal of Religion and Health

SN - 0022-4197

IS - 1

ER -