Psychiatric medication use among Manhattan residents following the World Trade Center disaster

Joseph A. Boscarino, Sandro Galea, Jennifer Ahern, Heidi Resnick, David Vlahov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To assess medication use in New York after the September 11th attacks, a telephone survey was conducted in October 2001 (N = 1,008). The prevalence of psychiatric medication use 30 days before the disaster was 8.9 and 11.6% 30 days after, a small but significant increase. The most important factor predicting postdisaster use was predisaster use - 92% of those who used medications postdisaster used them predisaster. In addition, 3.3% used psychiatric medications 30 days postdisaster, but not 30 days before. Those who had panic attacks, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and insurance coverage, were the most likely medicated (26.5%). However, among those who used postdisaster medications (n = 129), new users tended to be those with panic attacks (44.1%) and those with panic attacks and PTSD (69.2%).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)301-306
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of traumatic stress
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Disasters
  • Panic attack
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Service utilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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