Psychiatric and Substance Use Comorbidity in Treatment-Seeking Injection Opioid Users Referred From Syringe Exchange

Michael Kidorf, Stephanie Solazzo, Haijuan Yan, Robert Brooner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The present study evaluated rates of co-occurring current psychiatric and substance use disorders in a sample of opioid-dependent treatment-seeking injection drug users referred from syringe exchange. Methods: Participants (N = 208) completed the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) IV-R to assess current (within the past year) psychiatric and substance use disorders and the two most commonly diagnosed personality disorders (antisocial and borderline personality disorders). Results: Forty-eight percent of the sample had a current Axis I psychiatric disorder, and 67% had a co-occurring current substance use disorder. Posttraumatic stress disorder (21%), major depression (17%), and bipolar I (12%) were the most prevalent Axis I psychiatric disorders, and cocaine use disorder (53%) was the most commonly co-occurring substance use disorder. Women were more likely to have diagnoses of most anxiety disorders and less likely to have diagnoses of alcohol use disorder or antisocial personality disorder. The presence of a personality disorder was associated with higher rates of cocaine and sedative use disorder. Conclusions: Findings suggest the importance of evaluating and treating co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorders in the treatment of injection drug users with opioid dependence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Dual Diagnosis
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Syringes
Opioid Analgesics
Substance-Related Disorders
Psychiatry
Comorbidity
Injections
Antisocial Personality Disorder
Personality Disorders
Drug Users
Cocaine
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Therapeutics
Borderline Personality Disorder
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Anxiety Disorders
Hypnotics and Sedatives
Bipolar Disorder
Alcohols
Interviews

Keywords

  • agonist treatment
  • gender
  • opioid dependence
  • syringe exchange

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

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title = "Psychiatric and Substance Use Comorbidity in Treatment-Seeking Injection Opioid Users Referred From Syringe Exchange",
abstract = "Objective: The present study evaluated rates of co-occurring current psychiatric and substance use disorders in a sample of opioid-dependent treatment-seeking injection drug users referred from syringe exchange. Methods: Participants (N = 208) completed the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) IV-R to assess current (within the past year) psychiatric and substance use disorders and the two most commonly diagnosed personality disorders (antisocial and borderline personality disorders). Results: Forty-eight percent of the sample had a current Axis I psychiatric disorder, and 67{\%} had a co-occurring current substance use disorder. Posttraumatic stress disorder (21{\%}), major depression (17{\%}), and bipolar I (12{\%}) were the most prevalent Axis I psychiatric disorders, and cocaine use disorder (53{\%}) was the most commonly co-occurring substance use disorder. Women were more likely to have diagnoses of most anxiety disorders and less likely to have diagnoses of alcohol use disorder or antisocial personality disorder. The presence of a personality disorder was associated with higher rates of cocaine and sedative use disorder. Conclusions: Findings suggest the importance of evaluating and treating co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorders in the treatment of injection drug users with opioid dependence.",
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N2 - Objective: The present study evaluated rates of co-occurring current psychiatric and substance use disorders in a sample of opioid-dependent treatment-seeking injection drug users referred from syringe exchange. Methods: Participants (N = 208) completed the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) IV-R to assess current (within the past year) psychiatric and substance use disorders and the two most commonly diagnosed personality disorders (antisocial and borderline personality disorders). Results: Forty-eight percent of the sample had a current Axis I psychiatric disorder, and 67% had a co-occurring current substance use disorder. Posttraumatic stress disorder (21%), major depression (17%), and bipolar I (12%) were the most prevalent Axis I psychiatric disorders, and cocaine use disorder (53%) was the most commonly co-occurring substance use disorder. Women were more likely to have diagnoses of most anxiety disorders and less likely to have diagnoses of alcohol use disorder or antisocial personality disorder. The presence of a personality disorder was associated with higher rates of cocaine and sedative use disorder. Conclusions: Findings suggest the importance of evaluating and treating co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorders in the treatment of injection drug users with opioid dependence.

AB - Objective: The present study evaluated rates of co-occurring current psychiatric and substance use disorders in a sample of opioid-dependent treatment-seeking injection drug users referred from syringe exchange. Methods: Participants (N = 208) completed the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) IV-R to assess current (within the past year) psychiatric and substance use disorders and the two most commonly diagnosed personality disorders (antisocial and borderline personality disorders). Results: Forty-eight percent of the sample had a current Axis I psychiatric disorder, and 67% had a co-occurring current substance use disorder. Posttraumatic stress disorder (21%), major depression (17%), and bipolar I (12%) were the most prevalent Axis I psychiatric disorders, and cocaine use disorder (53%) was the most commonly co-occurring substance use disorder. Women were more likely to have diagnoses of most anxiety disorders and less likely to have diagnoses of alcohol use disorder or antisocial personality disorder. The presence of a personality disorder was associated with higher rates of cocaine and sedative use disorder. Conclusions: Findings suggest the importance of evaluating and treating co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorders in the treatment of injection drug users with opioid dependence.

KW - agonist treatment

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