Psychiatric and psychosocial predictors of substance use disorders among adolescents: Longitudinal study

Susan S F Gau, Mian Yoon Chong, Pincheng Yang, Cheng Fang Yen, Kung Yee Liang, Andrew T A Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Few studies have prospectively examined psychosocial and psychiatric predictors of adolescent substance use disorders simultaneously. Aims: To identify psychosocial and psychiatric predictors of substance use disorders in adolescence. Method: School children aged 12 years (s.d.=0.3) free from any substance use disorder at grade 7 (n=428) were assessed in three consecutive years, using a standardised psychiatric interview. Their baseline psychosocial information was also collected. The outcome was the onset age of a substance use disorder. The Cox regression model was used for data analysis. Results: The most significant predictive factors for adolescent substance use disorder included male gender, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, conduct disorder and sibling use of tobacco. Three protective factors against such morbidity included living in a household with two parents, a good academic grade at grade 7 and objection to the use of substances. Conclusions: Early intervention for disruptive behaviour disorders and specific psychosocial risk factors might prevent substance use disorders in early adolescence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-48
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Psychiatry
Volume190
Issue numberJAN.
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2007

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Substance-Related Disorders
Psychiatry
Longitudinal Studies
Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
Conduct Disorder
Tobacco Use
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Age of Onset
Proportional Hazards Models
Siblings
Parents
Interviews
Psychology
Morbidity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Psychiatric and psychosocial predictors of substance use disorders among adolescents : Longitudinal study. / Gau, Susan S F; Chong, Mian Yoon; Yang, Pincheng; Yen, Cheng Fang; Liang, Kung Yee; Cheng, Andrew T A.

In: British Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 190, No. JAN., 01.2007, p. 42-48.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gau, Susan S F ; Chong, Mian Yoon ; Yang, Pincheng ; Yen, Cheng Fang ; Liang, Kung Yee ; Cheng, Andrew T A. / Psychiatric and psychosocial predictors of substance use disorders among adolescents : Longitudinal study. In: British Journal of Psychiatry. 2007 ; Vol. 190, No. JAN. pp. 42-48.
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