We describe a case of Candida parapsilosis endophthalmitis with a consecutive keratitis after phacoemulsification and posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation in an otherwise healthy eye. Despite aggressive medical and surgical management during a 2-year period, multiple episodes recurred, with the development of an intracapsular plaque and an infectious nidus on the corneal endothelium 6 months after the initial presentation. After subtotal removal of the culture-positive capsule, intravitreal and topical amphotericin B, and oral fluconazole, the inflammation improved. However, the corneal endothelial plaque persisted with recurrent inflammation 2 months later, prompting debridement of the culture-positive plaque and further removal of the culture-negative capsular remnants and lens implant. The infection was quiescent for the subsequent 12-month period until recurrent intraocular inflammation developed with enlargement of the endothelial plaque. Culture of this plaque was again positive for C. parapsilosis. After debridement and intra-ocular and topical amphotericin B, the eye has now been quiescent for 13 months. This case demonstrates the development of a secondary keratitis in an eye affected by pseudophakic C. parapsilosis endophthalmitis, with the posterior cornea serving as a sanctuary site for the fungus despite aggressive management leading to recurrent infection 1 year after the clinical disease appeared to be quiescent.
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