When used to reconstruct a finger proximal interphalangeal joint, a free toe interphalangeal joint, without modification, cannot meet the motion demands of the finger to allow palm touchdown. This limitation is the direct result of the toe interphalangeal joint having an intrinsic arc of motion that delivers less flexion than that of a normal functioning finger proximal interphalangeal joint. By modifying the inset of the transferred joint to an extra-anatomical more proximal position, this limitation can be overcome. With a mathematical justification highlighted by a clinical illustration, we demonstrate the feasibility and utility of this “proximalization” technique.
- Free toe joint
- proximal interphalangeal joint
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine