Provider response to a rare but highly publicized transmission of HIV through solid organ transplantation

Lauren M. Kucirka, R. Lorie Ros, Aruna K. Subramanian, Robert A. Montgomery, Dorry Segev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: On November 13, 2007, the first reported case in 20 years of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) transmission from a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention high-risk donor (HRD) made national headlines. We sought to characterize change in the practice of transplant surgeons resulting from this rare event. Design: We performed a survey between January 17, 2008, and April 15, 2008, assessing attitudes and practices of transplant surgeons regarding HRDs. Descriptions of changes in practice after the event were categorized, and associations between responses and regional-,center-, and physician-level factors were studied. Setting: Transplant centers in the United States. Participants: Four hundred twenty-two transplant surgeons in current practice. Main Outcome Measure: Changing practice following the 2007 HIV transmission event. Results: Among surgeons who responded to the survey, 31.6% changed their practice following the event. Also, 41.7% decreased use of HRDs, 34.5% increased emphasis on informed consent, 16.7% increased use of nucleic acid testing, and 6.0% implemented a formal policy. Ranking fear of being sued or hospital pressure as important disincentives toHRDuse was associated with more than 2-fold higher odds of changing practice. Ranking medical risks of HIV as an important disincentive was associated with 8.29-fold higher odds of decreasing HRD use. Conclusion:Themostcommonresponses to this rare event were avoidance (decreased HRD use) and assurance (increasedemphasisoninformedconsent) behaviorsratherthan patient safety measures (increased use of nucleic acid testingandimplementation of formal policies), suggesting that fear of legalorregulatoryconsequenceswasthebiggestdriver of physician decision making and that the current litigious environment is failing to protect patient interests.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-45
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Surgery
Volume146
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

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Organ Transplantation
HIV
Transplants
Tissue Donors
Nucleic Acids
Fear
Motivation
Physicians
Patient Safety
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
Informed Consent
Decision Making
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Pressure
Surgeons
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Provider response to a rare but highly publicized transmission of HIV through solid organ transplantation. / Kucirka, Lauren M.; Ros, R. Lorie; Subramanian, Aruna K.; Montgomery, Robert A.; Segev, Dorry.

In: Archives of Surgery, Vol. 146, No. 1, 01.2011, p. 41-45.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kucirka, Lauren M. ; Ros, R. Lorie ; Subramanian, Aruna K. ; Montgomery, Robert A. ; Segev, Dorry. / Provider response to a rare but highly publicized transmission of HIV through solid organ transplantation. In: Archives of Surgery. 2011 ; Vol. 146, No. 1. pp. 41-45.
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