Provider Perspectives on Essential Functions for Care Management in the Collaborative Treatment of Hypertension: The P.A.R.T.N.E.R. Framework

Tanvir Hussain, Allyssa Allen, Jennifer Halbert, Cheryl A.M. Anderson, Romsai Tony Boonyasai, Lisa A. Cooper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Care management has become a widespread strategy for improving chronic illness care. However, primary care provider (PCP) participation in programs has been poor. Because the success of care management relies on provider engagement, understanding provider perspectives is necessary. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to identify care management functions most valuable to PCPs in hypertension treatment. DESIGN: Six focus groups were conducted to discuss current challenges in hypertension care and identify specific functions of care management that would improve care. PARTICIPANTS: The study included 39 PCPs (participation rate: 83 %) representing six clinics, two of which care for large African American populations and four that are in underserved locations, in the greater Baltimore metropolitan area. APPROACH: This was a qualitative analysis of focus groups, using grounded theory and iterative coding. KEY RESULTS: Providers desired achieving blood pressure control more rapidly. Collaborating with care managers who obtain ongoing patient data would allow treatment plans to be tailored to the changing life conditions of patients. The P.A.R.T.N.E.R. framework summarizes the care management functions that providers reported were necessary for effective collaboration: Partner with patients, providers, and the community; Arrange follow-up care; Resolve barriers to adherence; Track treatment response and progress; Navigate the health care system with patients; Educate patients & Engage patients in self-management; Relay information between patients and/or provider(s). CONCLUSIONS: The P.A.R.T.N.E.R. framework is the first to offer a checklist of care management functions that may promote successful collaboration with PCPs. Future research should examine the validity of this framework in various settings and for diverse patient populations affected by chronic diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)454-461
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of general internal medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015


  • care management
  • chronic disease
  • implementation research
  • primary care
  • qualitative research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine


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