Provider perceived barriers and facilitators to integrating routine outcome monitoring into practice in an urban community psychiatry clinic: A mixed-methods quality improvement project

Michael J. Van Wert, Mansoor Malik, Brenda Memel, Ryan Moore, Daniel Buccino, Florence Hackerman, Suneeta Kumari, Anita Everett, William Narrow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Aims: Although mental health clinics are under increasing pressure to demonstrate value and routine outcome monitoring (ROM) has become a mandated component of care, providers have been slow to adopt ROM into practice, with some estimating that less than 20% of mental health clinicians use it consistently in the United States. This article explores perceived barriers and facilitators to integrating ROM into practice among clinicians and administrators in a large urban US community psychiatry clinic. Method: One hundred and thirty-eight clinical and administrative staff were administered an anonymous web-based survey to elicit attitudes towards ROM. Responses were summarized descriptively and qualitatively synthesized into a conceptual model using inductive thematic analysis. Results: Common barriers to integration included insufficient time to collect and/or use measures, not knowing what measures to use, measures being difficult to access, and insufficient training. Facilitators included increased access/ease of use, training and support, measure relevance/validity, and accountability. Conclusions: In order for psychiatry clinics to successfully implement ROM into practice, they must diagnose organization-side barriers and translate this knowledge into actionable quality improvement initiatives ranging from the infrastructural to the cultural.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)767-775
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • attitudes
  • community psychiatry
  • measurement-based care
  • mental health
  • providers
  • routine outcome monitoring (ROM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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