Background and Aims: Although mental health clinics are under increasing pressure to demonstrate value and routine outcome monitoring (ROM) has become a mandated component of care, providers have been slow to adopt ROM into practice, with some estimating that less than 20% of mental health clinicians use it consistently in the United States. This article explores perceived barriers and facilitators to integrating ROM into practice among clinicians and administrators in a large urban US community psychiatry clinic. Method: One hundred and thirty-eight clinical and administrative staff were administered an anonymous web-based survey to elicit attitudes towards ROM. Responses were summarized descriptively and qualitatively synthesized into a conceptual model using inductive thematic analysis. Results: Common barriers to integration included insufficient time to collect and/or use measures, not knowing what measures to use, measures being difficult to access, and insufficient training. Facilitators included increased access/ease of use, training and support, measure relevance/validity, and accountability. Conclusions: In order for psychiatry clinics to successfully implement ROM into practice, they must diagnose organization-side barriers and translate this knowledge into actionable quality improvement initiatives ranging from the infrastructural to the cultural.
- community psychiatry
- measurement-based care
- mental health
- routine outcome monitoring (ROM)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Policy
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health