Provider and Practice Characteristics and Perceived Barriers Associated With Different Levels of Adolescent SBIRT Implementation Among a National Sample of US Pediatricians

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Abstract

Pediatrician Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) practices vary widely, though little is known about the correlates of SBIRT implementation. Using data from a national sample of US pediatricians who treat adolescents (n = 250), we characterized self-reported utilization rates of SBIRT among US pediatricians and identified provider- and practice-level characteristics and barriers associated with SBIRT utilization. All participants completed an electronic survey querying the demographics, practice patterns, and perceived barriers related to SBIRT practices. Our results showed that 88% of respondents reported screening for substance use annually, but only 26% used structured/validated screening instruments. Furthermore, 40% of respondents provided evidence-based brief interventions, and only 11% implemented all core SBIRT practices. Common barriers (eg, confidentiality and insufficient time) and unique provider- and setting-specific barriers to implementation were identified. These findings indicate that although most pediatricians deliver some SBIRT components in their practice, few implement the full SBIRT model, and barriers persist.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)418-426
Number of pages9
JournalClinical pediatrics
Volume60
Issue number9-10
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brief Intervention
  • Screening
  • adolescents
  • and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT)
  • implementation
  • prevention
  • substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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