Protein Tyrosine Kinase Activity and Its Endogenous Substrates in Rat Brain: A Subcellular and Regional Survey

Arlene A. Hirano, Paul Greengard, Richard L. Huganir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Abstract: The rat CNS contains high levels of tyrosine‐specific protein kinases that specifically phosphorylate the tyrosine‐containing synthetic peptide poly(Glu80,Tyr20). The phosphorylation of this peptide is rapid and occurs with normal Michaelis‐Menten kinetics. Using this peptide to assay for enzyme activity, we have measured the protein tyrosine kinase activity in homogenates from various regions of rat CNS. A marked regional distribution pattern vas observed, with high activity present in cerebellum, hippocampus, olfactory bulb, and pyriform cortex, and low activity in the pons/medulla and spinal cord. The distribution of protein tyrosine kinase activity was examined in various subcellular fractions of rat forebrain. The majority of the activity was associated with the particulate fractions, with enrichment in the crude microsomal (P3) and crude synaptic vesicle (LP2) fractions. Moreover, the subcellular distribution of pp60csrc, a well‐characterized protein tyrosine kinase, was examined by immunoblot analysis using an affinity‐purified antibody specific for pp60csrc. The subcellular distribution of pp60csrc paralleled the overall protein tyrosine kinase activity. In addition, using an antibody specific for phosphotyrosine, endogenous substrates for protein tyrosine kinases were demonstrated on immunoblots of homogenates from the various regions and the subcellular fractions. The immunoblots revealed numerous phosphotyrosine‐containing proteins that were present in many of the CNS regions examined and were associated with specific subcellular fractions. The differences in tyrosine‐specific protein kinase activity, and in phosphotyrosine‐containing proteins, observed in various regional areas and subcellular fractions may reflect specific functional roles for protein tyrosine kinase activity in mammalian brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1447-1455
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume50
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1988
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Anti‐phosphotyrosine antibody
  • Phosphotyrosine
  • Poly(Glu
  • Rat CNS
  • Tyr)
  • pp60

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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