Protein sulfhydration

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is one of the gasotransmitters that modulates various biological processes and participates in multiple signaling pathways. H2S signals by a process termed sulfhydration. Sulfhydration has recently been recognized as a posttranslational modification similar to nitrosylation. Sulfhydration occurs at reactive cysteine residues in proteins and results in the conversion of an -SH group of cysteine to an -SSH or a persulfide group. Sulfhydration is highly prevalent in vivo, and aberrant sulfhydration patterns have been observed under several pathological conditions ranging from heart disease to neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease. The biotin switch assay, originally developed to detect nitrosylation, has been modified to detect sulfhydration. In this chapter, we discuss the physiological roles of sulfhydration and the methodologies used to detect this modification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMethods in Enzymology
PublisherAcademic Press Inc.
Pages79-90
Number of pages12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Publication series

NameMethods in Enzymology
Volume555
ISSN (Print)0076-6879
ISSN (Electronic)1557-7988

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Keywords

  • Hydrogen sulfide
  • Maleimide assay
  • Modified biotin switch
  • Nitrosylation
  • Sulfhydration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Paul, B. D., & Snyder, S. H. (2015). Protein sulfhydration. In Methods in Enzymology (pp. 79-90). (Methods in Enzymology; Vol. 555). Academic Press Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.mie.2014.11.021