Maturation of dendritic cells (DCs) regulates protein sorting in endosomal compartments to promote the surface expression of molecules involved in T cell activation. MHC Class II complexes are mobilized to the surface via intracellular effector molecules that remain largely unknown. We here show that protein kinase C (PKC) stimulates Class II antigen surface expression, using knock-in mice that express a Class II-green fluorescent protein fusion protein as a read out. Selective inhibition of PKCδ counteracts the ability of DCs to stimulate Class II MHC-restricted antigen-specific T cells. Activation of PKC does not affect antigen uptake, peptide loading and surface display of Class I MHC and transferrin receptor in DCs. We show that activation-induced Class II MHC surface expression is dependent on activation of PKCδ and conclude that this event is pivotal for optimal CD4 T cell activation.
- Antigen presentation/processing
- Dendritic cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy