Protective immunity of single and multi-antigen DNA vaccines against schistosomiasis

E. Nascimento, I. C. Leão, V. R.A. Pereira, Y. M. Gomes, P. Chikhlikar, T. August, E. Marques, N. Lucena-Silva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We evaluated the usefulness of the combination of three plasmids encoding tegumental (pECL and pSM14) and muscular (pIRV5) antigens of the Schistosoma mansoni on improving the protective immunity over the use of a single antigen as DNA vaccines. Female BALB/c mice were inoculated twice with 25 μg DNA plasmid within two weeks interval. The challenge was performed with 80 cercarias of a regional isolate of S. mansoni (SLM) one week after the last immunization. Six weeks after challenge, all mice were perfused for worm load determination. The following groups were analyzed: saline; empty vector; monovalent formulations of pECL; pSM14 and pIRV5 and also double combinations of pECL/pIRV5 and pIRV5/pSM14 and a triple combination of pECL/pIRV5/pSM14. The protection was expressed as a percentage of worm loads in each group compared with the saline group. The results obtained were 41% (p < 0.05); 52% (p < 0.05): 51% (p < 0.05); 48% (p < 0.05): 55% (p < 0.05); 45% (p < 0.05); 65% (p < 0.05) for each group respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-109
Number of pages5
JournalMemorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Volume97
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • DNA-vaccine
  • ECL
  • IrV5
  • Multivalent
  • Naked-DNA
  • SM14
  • Schistosoma
  • Schistosomiasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)

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