Prostatitis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Prostatitis is a common clinical problem and can be due to infectious or noninfectious etiologies. Data from the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics and other sources, including population-based studies, suggest that nearly 9% of the male population suffer from prostatitis and pelvic pain symptoms and that there are more than 2 million physician’s visits annually for prostatitis, most of which are to internists and family practitioners. Prostatitis is thought to represent the clinical syndrome correlating with infl ammatory exudate within the ducts and prostate gland tissue. In acute prostatitis, the infl ammatory cells are polymorphonuclear (PMN) leukocytes. In chronic prostatitis, a lymphocytic and mononuclear infl ammatory process is present. Chronic prostatitis is often focal. Furthermore, noninfectious events may contribute to the chronic prostatitis syndrome. For example, prostatic concretions may serve as a nidus for the development of chronic bacterial prostatitis. Focal prostatic necrosis (as part of benign prostatic hyperplasia) may cause prostatic infl ammation, even without infection. The majority of bacterial prostatitis cases occur due to refl ux of infected urine into the prostatic ducts and canaliculi. Although largescale formal epidemiologic studies have not been done, prostatitis not surprisingly is seen most commonly in older men. Bacterial prostatitis is more common in patients with previous prostate disease, diabetes mellitus, and a history of urethral instrumentation (such as catheterization). Because urethritis is the initial symptom of gonococcal and chlamydial infection, patients seek care early, and with the widespread availability of effective treatments, they are eradicated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationClinical Infectious Disease
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages441-444
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9780511722240, 9780521871129
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

Fingerprint

Prostatitis
Prostate
National Center for Health Statistics (U.S.)
Urethritis
Pelvic Pain
Prostatic Hyperplasia
Exudates and Transudates
Infection
Catheterization
Population
Epidemiologic Studies
Patient Care
Diabetes Mellitus
Neutrophils
Necrosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Zenilman, J. M. (2010). Prostatitis. In Clinical Infectious Disease (pp. 441-444). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511722240.063

Prostatitis. / Zenilman, Jonathan Mark.

Clinical Infectious Disease. Cambridge University Press, 2010. p. 441-444.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Zenilman, JM 2010, Prostatitis. in Clinical Infectious Disease. Cambridge University Press, pp. 441-444. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511722240.063
Zenilman JM. Prostatitis. In Clinical Infectious Disease. Cambridge University Press. 2010. p. 441-444 https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511722240.063
Zenilman, Jonathan Mark. / Prostatitis. Clinical Infectious Disease. Cambridge University Press, 2010. pp. 441-444
@inbook{96cbc86354ba41f58ee4964444422b2f,
title = "Prostatitis",
abstract = "Prostatitis is a common clinical problem and can be due to infectious or noninfectious etiologies. Data from the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics and other sources, including population-based studies, suggest that nearly 9{\%} of the male population suffer from prostatitis and pelvic pain symptoms and that there are more than 2 million physician’s visits annually for prostatitis, most of which are to internists and family practitioners. Prostatitis is thought to represent the clinical syndrome correlating with infl ammatory exudate within the ducts and prostate gland tissue. In acute prostatitis, the infl ammatory cells are polymorphonuclear (PMN) leukocytes. In chronic prostatitis, a lymphocytic and mononuclear infl ammatory process is present. Chronic prostatitis is often focal. Furthermore, noninfectious events may contribute to the chronic prostatitis syndrome. For example, prostatic concretions may serve as a nidus for the development of chronic bacterial prostatitis. Focal prostatic necrosis (as part of benign prostatic hyperplasia) may cause prostatic infl ammation, even without infection. The majority of bacterial prostatitis cases occur due to refl ux of infected urine into the prostatic ducts and canaliculi. Although largescale formal epidemiologic studies have not been done, prostatitis not surprisingly is seen most commonly in older men. Bacterial prostatitis is more common in patients with previous prostate disease, diabetes mellitus, and a history of urethral instrumentation (such as catheterization). Because urethritis is the initial symptom of gonococcal and chlamydial infection, patients seek care early, and with the widespread availability of effective treatments, they are eradicated.",
author = "Zenilman, {Jonathan Mark}",
year = "2010",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1017/CBO9780511722240.063",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780511722240",
pages = "441--444",
booktitle = "Clinical Infectious Disease",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Prostatitis

AU - Zenilman, Jonathan Mark

PY - 2010/1/1

Y1 - 2010/1/1

N2 - Prostatitis is a common clinical problem and can be due to infectious or noninfectious etiologies. Data from the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics and other sources, including population-based studies, suggest that nearly 9% of the male population suffer from prostatitis and pelvic pain symptoms and that there are more than 2 million physician’s visits annually for prostatitis, most of which are to internists and family practitioners. Prostatitis is thought to represent the clinical syndrome correlating with infl ammatory exudate within the ducts and prostate gland tissue. In acute prostatitis, the infl ammatory cells are polymorphonuclear (PMN) leukocytes. In chronic prostatitis, a lymphocytic and mononuclear infl ammatory process is present. Chronic prostatitis is often focal. Furthermore, noninfectious events may contribute to the chronic prostatitis syndrome. For example, prostatic concretions may serve as a nidus for the development of chronic bacterial prostatitis. Focal prostatic necrosis (as part of benign prostatic hyperplasia) may cause prostatic infl ammation, even without infection. The majority of bacterial prostatitis cases occur due to refl ux of infected urine into the prostatic ducts and canaliculi. Although largescale formal epidemiologic studies have not been done, prostatitis not surprisingly is seen most commonly in older men. Bacterial prostatitis is more common in patients with previous prostate disease, diabetes mellitus, and a history of urethral instrumentation (such as catheterization). Because urethritis is the initial symptom of gonococcal and chlamydial infection, patients seek care early, and with the widespread availability of effective treatments, they are eradicated.

AB - Prostatitis is a common clinical problem and can be due to infectious or noninfectious etiologies. Data from the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics and other sources, including population-based studies, suggest that nearly 9% of the male population suffer from prostatitis and pelvic pain symptoms and that there are more than 2 million physician’s visits annually for prostatitis, most of which are to internists and family practitioners. Prostatitis is thought to represent the clinical syndrome correlating with infl ammatory exudate within the ducts and prostate gland tissue. In acute prostatitis, the infl ammatory cells are polymorphonuclear (PMN) leukocytes. In chronic prostatitis, a lymphocytic and mononuclear infl ammatory process is present. Chronic prostatitis is often focal. Furthermore, noninfectious events may contribute to the chronic prostatitis syndrome. For example, prostatic concretions may serve as a nidus for the development of chronic bacterial prostatitis. Focal prostatic necrosis (as part of benign prostatic hyperplasia) may cause prostatic infl ammation, even without infection. The majority of bacterial prostatitis cases occur due to refl ux of infected urine into the prostatic ducts and canaliculi. Although largescale formal epidemiologic studies have not been done, prostatitis not surprisingly is seen most commonly in older men. Bacterial prostatitis is more common in patients with previous prostate disease, diabetes mellitus, and a history of urethral instrumentation (such as catheterization). Because urethritis is the initial symptom of gonococcal and chlamydial infection, patients seek care early, and with the widespread availability of effective treatments, they are eradicated.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84923389478&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84923389478&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/CBO9780511722240.063

DO - 10.1017/CBO9780511722240.063

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:84923389478

SN - 9780511722240

SN - 9780521871129

SP - 441

EP - 444

BT - Clinical Infectious Disease

PB - Cambridge University Press

ER -