Prostate Specific Antigen and Prostate Specific Antigen Doubling Time Predict Findings on 18F-DCFPyL Positron Emission Tomography/Computerized Tomography in Patients with Biochemically Recurrent Prostate Cancer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE: Prostate specific membrane antigen targeted 18F-DCFPyL positron emission tomography/computerized tomography may offer superior image quality and sensitivity for the detection of biochemically recurrent prostate cancer. We examined the association of Gleason sum, serum prostate specific antigen and prostate specific antigen doubling time with any detectable and pelvic confined disease in patients with biochemically recurrent prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 108 patients with biochemically recurrent prostate cancer after radical prostatectomy who underwent prostate specific membrane antigen targeted 18F-DCFPyL positron emission tomography/computerized tomography were analyzed. Data were collected on positive positron emission tomography findings as well as pelvic confined disease. Associations between Gleason sum, prostate specific antigen and prostate specific antigen doubling time were retrospectively explored. RESULTS: Serum prostate specific antigen was associated with positive prostate specific membrane antigen targeted imaging as continuous (OR 3.08, 95% CI 1.60-7.95, p=0.005) and categorical values (ie prostate specific antigen greater than 2.0 to 5.0 vs 0.5 ng/ml or less, OR 16.92, 95% CI 3.13-315.81, p=0.008). No relationship between Gleason sum or prostate specific antigen doubling time with overall positive imaging was observed. Patients with a prostate specific antigen greater than 2.0 to 5.0 ng/ml were significantly less likely to be diagnosed with pelvic confined disease compared with the 0.5 ng/ml or less subgroup (OR 0.21, 95% CI 0.06-0.69, p=0.013). A prostate specific antigen doubling time of 9 months or more (OR 4.20, 95% CI 1.57-11.89, p=0.005) or prostate specific antigen doubling time of 12 months or more (OR 3.03, 95% CI 1.12-8.76, p=0.033) was significantly associated with pelvic confined disease. No relationship between Gleason sum and pelvic confined disease was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Absolute prostate specific antigen was positively associated with the presence of findings on prostate specific membrane antigen targeted imaging and negatively associated with pelvic confined disease. Prostate specific antigen doubling time did not predict for overall disease detection, but long prostate specific antigen doubling times were associated with pelvic confined prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)496-502
Number of pages7
JournalThe Journal of urology
Volume204
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2020

Keywords

  • neoplasm staging
  • pelvis
  • prostatic neoplasms
  • recurrence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Prostate Specific Antigen and Prostate Specific Antigen Doubling Time Predict Findings on <sup>18</sup>F-DCFPyL Positron Emission Tomography/Computerized Tomography in Patients with Biochemically Recurrent Prostate Cancer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this