Because guidelines for the early detection of prostate cancer were developed by the ACS in the early 1990s, many variants of the total PSA assay have been introduced in attempts to increase the sensitivity of screening programs (cancer detection) while maintaining their specificity (elimination of unnecessary biopsies). Again, it is important to note that the NCCN guidelines recommend a method by which individuals and their physicians can use these new methods rationally for the early detection of prostate cancer. These guidelines are not designed to provide an argument for the use of early detection programs for prostate cancer. Rather, they are meant to provide a vehicle by which early detection efforts can be practiced in an evidence-based, systematic fashion in patients who choose to participate in such programs. The NCCN guidelines incorporate many new validated findings in addition to the DRE and PSA test. These new factors include percent-free PSA, PSA velocity, PSA testing intervals, biopsy pathology, and TRUS-guided biopsy techniques. The panel will re-examine the clinical utility of these new modalities annually and the guidelines will be modified accordingly. In addition, future iterations of these guidelines may incorporate new serum markers currently undergoing clinical investigation. It is the hope of the NCCN and this guideline panel that these algorithms will achieve the goal of assisting patients and clinicians who are choosing a program of early detection for prostate cancer to make decisions regarding the need for prostate biopsy. Any clinician who uses these guidelines is expected to exercise independent medical judgment in the context of the individual clinical circumstances to determine the patient's need for prostate biopsy. These guidelines will continue to evolve as the field of prostate cancer advances.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network : JNCCN|
|Volume||1 Suppl 1|
|State||Published - Jan 2003|
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