Prospective Multicenter Assessment of a New Intraprocedural Automated System for Localizing Idiopathic Ventricular Arrhythmia Origins

Shijie Zhou, Amir AbdelWahab, John L. Sapp, Eric Sung, Konstantinos N. Aronis, James W. Warren, Paul J. MacInnis, Rushil Shah, B. Milan Horáček, Ronald Berger, Harikrishna Tandri, Natalia A. Trayanova, Jonathan Chrispin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: The objective of this study was to present a new system, the Automatic Arrhythmia Origin Localization (AAOL) system, which used incomplete electroanatomic mapping (EAM) for localization of idiopathic ventricular arrhythmia (IVA) origin on the patient-specific geometry of left ventricular, right ventricular, and neighboring vessels. The study assessed the accuracy of the system in localizing IVA source sites on cardiac structures where pace mapping is challenging. Background: An intraprocedural automated site of origin localization system was previously developed to identify the origin of early left ventricular activation by using 12-lead electrocardiograms (ECGs). However, it has limitations, as it could not identify the site of origin in the right ventricle and relied on acquiring a complete EAM. Methods: Twenty patients undergoing IVA catheter ablation had a 12-lead ECG recorded during clinical arrhythmia and during pacing at various locations identified on EAM geometries. The new system combined 3-lead (III, V2, and V6) 120-ms QRS integrals and patient-specific EAM geometry with pace mapping to predict the site of earliest ventricular activation. The predicted site was projected onto EAM geometry. Results: Twenty-three IVA origin sites were clinically identified by activation mapping and/or pace mapping (8, right ventricle; 15, left ventricle, including 8 from the posteromedial papillary muscle, 2 from the aortic root, and 1 from the distal coronary sinus). The new system achieved a mean localization accuracy of 3.6 mm for the 23 mapped IVAs. Conclusions: The new intraprocedural AAOL system achieved accurate localization of IVA origin in ventricles and neighboring vessels, which could facilitate ablation procedures for patients with IVAs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)395-407
Number of pages13
JournalJACC: Clinical Electrophysiology
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • ablation
  • activation mapping
  • idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias
  • idiopathic ventricular tachycardia
  • pace mapping
  • premature ventricular complexes
  • radiofrequency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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