Proprioceptive information from the pinna provides somatosensory input to cat dorsal cochlear nucleus

Patrick O. Kanold, Eric D. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The dorsal cochlear nucleus (DCN) is a second-order auditory structure that also receives nonauditory information, including somatosensory inputs from the dorsal column and spinal trigeminal nuclei. Here we investigate the peripheral sources of the somatosensory inputs to DCN. Electrical stimulation was applied to cervical nerves C1-C8, branches of C2, branches of the trigeminal nerve, and hindlimb nerves. The largest evoked potentials in the DCN were produced by C2 stimulation and by stimulation of its branches that innervate the pinna. Electrical stimulation of C2 produced a pattern of inhibition and excitation of DCN principal cells comparable with that seen in previous studies with stimulation of the primary somatosensory nuclei, suggesting that the same pathway was activated. Because C2 contains both proprioceptive and cutaneous fibers, we applied peripheral somatosensory stimulation to identify the effective somatosensory modalities. Only stimuli that activate pinna muscle receptors, such as stretch or vibration of the muscles connected to the pinna, were effective in driving DCN units, whereas cutaneous stimuli such as light touch, brushing of hairs, and stretching of skin were ineffective. These results suggest that the largest somatosensory inputs to the DCN originate from muscle receptors associated with the pinna. They support the hypothesis that a role of the DCN in hearing is to coordinate pinna orientation to sounds or to support correction for the effects of pinna orientation on sound-localization cues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7848-7858
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume21
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2001

Keywords

  • Auditory
  • Cat
  • Dorsal cochlear nucleus
  • Multisensory
  • Pinna
  • Somatosensory
  • Sound localization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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