An antimicrobial is an agent capable of killing or inhibiting the growth of a micro-organism. Antimicrobial prophylaxis encompasses efforts to prevent postprocedure infections through the use of an antimicrobial agent before, and, in some cases, for a limited time after a procedure. A thorough history and physical examination are essential to identify host factors that increase a patient's risk for postprocedural infection. Risk-modifying factors include age, anatomy, geographical area of residence, immune and nutritional status, cardiac valve integrity, prosthetic joints, the presence of indwelling hardware and distant infectious wounds. Prophylaxis for the most common urologic outpatient procedures can be attained with oral trimethoprim -sulfamethoxazole or fluoroquinolone administered between 2 h and 30 min before a procedure. Special consideration for the type and duration of prophylaxis should be given to patients with moderate to severe cardiac valvular conditions and recently inserted prosthetic joints.
- Host defense
ASJC Scopus subject areas