Prophylactic use of antimicrobials in commonly performed outpatient urologic procedures

Edward M. Schaeffer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

An antimicrobial is an agent capable of killing or inhibiting the growth of a micro-organism. Antimicrobial prophylaxis encompasses efforts to prevent postprocedure infections through the use of an antimicrobial agent before, and, in some cases, for a limited time after a procedure. A thorough history and physical examination are essential to identify host factors that increase a patient's risk for postprocedural infection. Risk-modifying factors include age, anatomy, geographical area of residence, immune and nutritional status, cardiac valve integrity, prosthetic joints, the presence of indwelling hardware and distant infectious wounds. Prophylaxis for the most common urologic outpatient procedures can be attained with oral trimethoprim -sulfamethoxazole or fluoroquinolone administered between 2 h and 30 min before a procedure. Special consideration for the type and duration of prophylaxis should be given to patients with moderate to severe cardiac valvular conditions and recently inserted prosthetic joints.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24-31
Number of pages8
JournalNature Clinical Practice Urology
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2006

Keywords

  • Antibiotic
  • Antimicrobial
  • Catheterization
  • Host defense
  • Prophylaxis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology
  • Nephrology

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