[3H]AMPA binding, a measure of the non-NMDA excitatory amino acid receptors, was measured in the frontal cortex, caudate nucleus, and nucleus accumbens of postmortem human brain tissue samples. In normal human frontal cortex, the binding data were best fit by a two-site model, with K(d) values of 137 nM and 11.3 μM, and B(max) values of 2780 fmol/mg protein and 67.6 pmol/mg protein, respectively. Binding was linearly related to protein concentration and was strongly inhibited by glutamic acid and quisqualic acid. Binding was partially inhibited by kainic acid and glutamic acid diethyl ester and only slightly inhibited by N-methyl-D-aspartic acid. AMPA binding was not inhibited by neuroleptic drugs, in vitro. Freezing and storage did not result in a loss of AMPA binding, and there tended to be an increase in AMPA binding with extended freezer storage. When tissue frozen intact was compared to tissue frozen as a homogenate, the high-affinity binding parameters were unchanged, but there was an increase in the affinity and B(max) of the low-affinity site for the tissue frozen intact. Thus it appears that only the high-affinity site can be measured accurately in tissue frozen intact. AMPA binding was not significantly altered by premortem neuroleptic administration, age, postmortem delay, or by moderate durations of freezer storage. No differences in AMPA binding were found in psychotic subjects compared to normal controls. There was, however, a pronounced increase in total AMPA binding in the caudate nucleus in subjects that had committed suicide.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental Neuroscience