Background: This was a proof-of-concept study to evaluate the efficacy of LY2940094, a nociceptin/orphanin FQ peptide receptor antagonist, in reducing alcohol consumption in actively alcohol-drinking patients with alcohol dependence. Methods: Eighty-eight patients, 21 to 66 years of age, diagnosed with alcohol dependence, reporting 3 to 6 heavy drinking days per week, were randomized (1:1) to 8 weeks of treatment with once-daily oral placebo (N = 44) or 40 mg/d of LY2940094 (N = 44). The primary efficacy analysis was the change from baseline in number of drinks per day (NDD) utilizing mixed-model repeated measures comparing LY2940094 and placebo in Month 2 of the 8-week double-blind treatment period. The probability that the difference relative to placebo in NDD was ≤0 at endpoint was calculated, and a probability ≥80% was considered to be evidence that LY2940094 was associated with the reduction in NDD. Results: After 8 weeks of treatment, reduction in mean NDD did not differ between LY2940094 versus placebo (−1.4 vs. −1.5, respectively, 44% probability of greater reduction relative to placebo), but there was a greater reduction in the mean percentage of heavy drinking days in a month with LY2940094 versus placebo (−24.5 vs. −15.7%, respectively, 93% probability of a greater reduction relative to placebo), and an increase in the mean percentage of abstinent days in a month compared to placebo (9.1 vs. 1.9%, respectively, 91% probability of a greater increase relative to placebo). Patients who were treated with LY2940094 showed decreased plasma levels of gamma-glutamyl transferase with probabilities ≥98% for greater reduction compared with placebo at Weeks 1, 4, 6, and 8. Treatment-emergent adverse events in ≥5% of patients treated with LY2940094 included insomnia, vomiting, and anxiety. There were no serious adverse events or significant changes in laboratory assessments or vital signs with LY2940094. Conclusions: Although not reducing the NDD, LY2940094, compared to placebo, did reduce heavy drinking days and increased abstinence days in patients with alcohol dependence.
- Nociceptin/Orphanin FQ Peptide Receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Psychiatry and Mental health