Promoting Brain Repair and Regeneration After Stroke: a Plea for Cell-Based Therapies

Ania Dabrowski, Thomas J. Robinson, Ryan J. Felling

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Purpose of Review: After decades of hype, cell-based therapies are emerging into the clinical arena for the purposes of promoting recovery after stroke. In this review, we discuss the most recent science behind the role of cell-based therapies in ischemic stroke and the efforts to translate these therapies into human clinical trials. Recent Findings: Preclinical data support numerous beneficial effects of cell-based therapies in both small and large animal models of ischemic stroke. These benefits are driven by multifaceted mechanisms promoting brain repair through immunomodulation, trophic support, circuit reorganization, and cell replacement. Summary: Cell-based therapies offer tremendous potential for improving outcomes after stroke through multimodal support of brain repair. Based on recent clinical trials, cell-based therapies appear both feasible and safe in all phases of stroke. Ongoing translational research and clinical trials will further refine these therapies and have the potential to transform the approach to stroke recovery and rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5
JournalCurrent neurology and neuroscience reports
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Brain regeneration
  • Neurogenesis
  • Neuroplasticity
  • Stem cells
  • Stroke recovery
  • Transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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