B-cell lymphomas are heterogeneous blood disorders with limited therapeutic options, largely because of their propensity to relapse and become refractory to treatments. Carabin, a key suppressor of B-cell receptor signaling and proliferation, is inactivated in B-cell lymphoma by unknown mechanisms. Here, we identify prolyl 4-hydroxylase 2 (P4HA2) as a specific proline hydroxylase of Carabin. Carabin hydroxylation leads to its proteasomal degradation, thereby activating the Ras/extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathway and increasing B-cell lymphoma proliferation. P4HA2 is undetectable in normal B cells but upregulated in the diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), driving Carabin inactivation and lymphoma proliferation. Our results indicate that P4HA2 is a potential prognosis marker for DLBCL and a promising pharmacological target for developing treatment of molecularly stratified B-cell lymphomas.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology