FATTORI NUTRIZIONALI DI RISCHIO NEGLI ANZIANI ISTITUZIONALIZZATI

Translated title of the contribution: Prognostic nutritional indexes in elderly nursing home residents

M. Breschi, A. Capriati, F. Falcini, L. Ferrucci, R. Mecacci, G. Mottino, E. Tonon, A. Vannucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study is to assess the prognostic value of nutritional, mental and functional status in terms of 1-year survival in community nursing homes where protein-calorie malnutrition is a common event and a risk factor for morbidity and mortality. Patients: 182 nursing home residents (mean age 80 years) were evaluated. Methods: Anthropometric and biohumoral parameters, number of diseases, drug assumption, physical and mental status have been evaluated and related to 1 year survival. Results: Derangement of nutritional status was detected in 30% of females and in 62% of males, without any significant differences between disabled and independent subjects. Univariate analyses showed that body mass index, arm circumference, arm muscle and fat area, muscle mass, the severity of physical and cognitive impairment were correlated with the 1-year mortality. In multivariate analysis discriminant prognostic factors were mental status and two anthropometric nutritional indexes: arm circumference and arm fat area. Conclusion: We confirm that nutritional status is related to survival in elderly people and that a few simple anthropometric indexes could be considered in multidimensional geriatric assessment improving its prognostic power.

Translated title of the contributionPrognostic nutritional indexes in elderly nursing home residents
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)122-129
Number of pages8
JournalRivista Italiana di Nutrizione Parenterale ed Enterale
Volume13
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Elderly
  • Geriatric assessment
  • Malnutrition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Anatomy
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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  • Cite this

    Breschi, M., Capriati, A., Falcini, F., Ferrucci, L., Mecacci, R., Mottino, G., Tonon, E., & Vannucci, A. (1995). FATTORI NUTRIZIONALI DI RISCHIO NEGLI ANZIANI ISTITUZIONALIZZATI. Rivista Italiana di Nutrizione Parenterale ed Enterale, 13(2), 122-129.