Prognostic factors in cryptococcal meningitis. A study in 111 cases

R. D. Diamond, J. E. Bennett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Results of amphotericin B therapy were correlated with laboratory and clinical findings in 111 patients with cryptococcal meningitis. Compared with patients who were cured, patients who died during therapy more often had the following features on admission: lymphoreticular malignancy or corticosteroid therapy; cerebrospinal fluid with high opening pressure, a low glucose level, less than 20 leukocytes/mm3 and cryotococci seen in smear; cryptococci isolated from extraneural sites; and high titers of cryptococcal antigen in cerebrospinal fluid and serum. These last two features also characterized admission findings in the group of patients who were discharged with negative cultures after therapy but who later relapsed. Patients who relapsed also had high, persistent posttreatment titers of cryptococcal antigen in serum or cerebrospinal fluid.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)176-181
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of internal medicine
Volume80
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1974

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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