Prognostic cardiac catheterization variables in survivors of acute myocardial infarction: A five year prospective study

Steven P. Schulman, Stephen C. Achuff, Lawrence S.C. Griffith, J. O.Neal Humphries, George J. Taylor, E. David Mellits, Marylu Kennedy, Rosemary Baumgartner, Myron L. Weisfeldt, Kenneth L. Baughman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The prognostic variables from predischarge coronary angiography and left ventriculography in survivors of acute myocardial infarction during the years 1974 to 1978 were evaluated in 143 patients (≤66 years of age) with documented myocardial infarction who were then followed up prospectively for 5 years. One half of the study population had triple vessel coronary disease (≥50% stenosis). However, only 7% of patients had severely depressed left ventricular function with an ejection fraction ≤29%. Evaluation of the contribution of many clinical and angiographic variables to a first cardiac event (death, nonfatal reinfarction or coronary artery bypass surgery) was considered with Kaplan-Meier actuarial curves and multivariate Cox's hazard function analysis. A risk segment was defined as an area of contracting myocardium supplied by a coronary artery with a > 50% stenosis. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that right plus left anterior descending coronary artery stenoses (p < 0.01), ejection fraction (p < 0.01) and the presence of risk segments (p < 0.05) were significant predictors of outcome. Furthermore, on separate multivariate analyses, the angiographic variables added significantly to the clinical variables to predict cardiac events over 5 years of follow-up. Therefore, in survivors of acute myocardial infarction who undergo cardiac catheterization, additive prognostic information is obtained that can be used to stratify risk over 5 years.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1164-1172
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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