Prognosis of esophageal cancers preoperatively staged to be locally invasive (T4) by endoscopic ultrasound (EUS): a multicenter retrospective cohort study

Amitabh Chak, Mimi Canto, Hans Gerdes, Charles J. Lightdale, Robert H. Hawes, Maurits J. Wiersema, George Kallimanis, T. Lok Tio, Thomas W. Rice, H. Worth Boyce, Michael V. Sivak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Endosonography is a significant advance in the preoperative staging (TNM classification) of esophageal cancer. Its accuracy for evaluating depth of tumor invasion is over 80%. Methods: A multicenter retrospective cohort study of patients with esophageal carcinomas defined to be invasive (T4) by endosonography was performed to compare the survival of surgically and nonsurgically treated patients. Median survival time, overall mortality, and Kaplan-Meier survival curves were compared by treatment group. Univariate and Cox regression analysis were used to evaluate the effects of various prognostic factors and treatment on the risk of death. Results: A total of 79 patients were studied. The surgical group (Group I, n = 42) was significantly younger and had more distal tumors (adenocarcinomas) than the nonsurgical group (Group II, n = 37). Endosonography was significantly more accurate than CT scanning in identifying tumor invasion (87.5% versus 43.8%, respectively, p = .0002). Overall mortality rate was not significantly different between treatment groups; 59.5% of the surgical group and 64.9% of the nonsurgical group were dead at follow-up ( p = 0.65). Similarly, the median survival times of Group I and Group II patients were similar (5.2 and 7.0 months, respectively, p = 0.50). Survival curves for the two groups were almost overlapping (log rank test, p = 0.84). Even after adjusting for age, histologic diagnosis, tumor location, and regional lymph node status, surgical treatment did not significantly influence survival ( p = 0.24). Conclusions: Endosonography accurately identifies patients with invasive T4 tumors who have a poor prognosis. This prognosis is independent of mode of therapy. (Gastrointest Endosc 1995;42:501-6.)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)501-506
Number of pages6
JournalGastrointestinal endoscopy
Volume42
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology

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    Chak, A., Canto, M., Gerdes, H., Lightdale, C. J., Hawes, R. H., Wiersema, M. J., Kallimanis, G., Tio, T. L., Rice, T. W., Boyce, H. W., & Sivak, M. V. (1995). Prognosis of esophageal cancers preoperatively staged to be locally invasive (T4) by endoscopic ultrasound (EUS): a multicenter retrospective cohort study. Gastrointestinal endoscopy, 42(6), 501-506. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-5107(95)70001-3