Profound differences in leukocyte-endothelial cell responses to lipopolysaccharide versus lipoteichoic acid

Bryan G. Yipp, Graciela Andonegui, Christopher J. Howlett, Stephen M. Robbins, Thomas Hartung, May Ho, Paul Kubes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations


We have investigated the effects of LPS from Escherichia coli, lipoteichoic acid (LTA), and peptidoglycan (PepG) from Staphylococcus aureus, and live S. aureus on leukocyte-endothelial interactions in vivo using intravital microscopy to visualize muscle microvasculature. Systemic vs local administration of LPS induced very different responses. Local administration of LPS into muscle induced significant leukocyte rolling, adhesion, and emigration in postcapillary venules at the site of injection. LPS given systemically dramatically dropped circulating leukocyte counts and increased neutrophils in the lung. However, the drop in circulating leukocytes was not associated with leukocyte sequestration to the site of injection (peritoneum) nor to peripheral microvessels in muscles. Unlike LPS, various preparations of LTA had no systemic and very minor local effect on leukocyte-endothelial interactions, even at high doses and for prolonged duration. LPS, but not LTA, potently activated human endothelium to recruit leukocytes under flow conditions in vitro. Endothelial adhesion molecule expression was also increased extensively with LPS, but not LTA. Interestingly, systemic administration of live S. aureus induced leukocyte-endothelial cell responses similar to LPS. PepG was able to induce leukocyte-endothelial interactions in muscle and peritoneum, but had no effect systemically (no increase in neutrophils in lungs and no decrease in circulating neutrophil counts). These results demonstrate that: 1) LPS has potent, but divergent local and systemic effects on leukocyte-endothelial interactions; 2) S. aureus can induce a systemic response similar to LPS, but this response is unlikely to be due to LTA, but more likely to be mediated in part by PepG.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4650-4658
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number9
StatePublished - May 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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