Process indicators for monitoring and evaluating vitamin A programs

Martin Bloem, Lynnda Kiess, Regina Moench-Pfanner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Vitamin A deficiency disorders (VADD) are a major public health problem in many parts of the world and one of the leading underlying causes of childhood mortality. Therefore, VADD control programs can contribute to reaching the international development goal of reducing childhood mortality by two thirds by the year 2015. Although economic development leads to greater food consumption of animal products (the most bioavailable source of vitamin A), other strategies, such as high dose vitamin A capsule supplementation, fortification and food production programs have been developed to tackle the VADD problem independent of economic development efforts. In this article, we discuss the essential role of process indicators in monitoring and fine-tuning VADD control and prevention programs toward ensuring that such programs will be more effective and cost-effective.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume132
Issue number9 SUPPL.
StatePublished - Sep 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

deficiency diseases
Vitamin A Deficiency
vitamin A deficiency
Vitamin A
vitamin A
Economic Development
monitoring
economic development
childhood
Mortality
animal products
Dietary Supplements
food production
food consumption
Capsules
public health
Public Health
Costs and Cost Analysis
Food
dosage

Keywords

  • Monitoring and evaluation
  • Process indicators
  • Vitamin A capsules
  • Vitamin A deficiency disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

Cite this

Process indicators for monitoring and evaluating vitamin A programs. / Bloem, Martin; Kiess, Lynnda; Moench-Pfanner, Regina.

In: Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 132, No. 9 SUPPL., 09.2002.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bloem, M, Kiess, L & Moench-Pfanner, R 2002, 'Process indicators for monitoring and evaluating vitamin A programs', Journal of Nutrition, vol. 132, no. 9 SUPPL..
Bloem, Martin ; Kiess, Lynnda ; Moench-Pfanner, Regina. / Process indicators for monitoring and evaluating vitamin A programs. In: Journal of Nutrition. 2002 ; Vol. 132, No. 9 SUPPL.
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