Process evaluation for the delivery of a water, sanitation and hygiene mobile health program: findings from the randomised controlled trial of the CHoBI7 mobile health program

Md Sazzadul Islam Bhuyian, Ronald Saxton, Khaled Hasan, Jahed Masud, Fatema Zohura, Shirajum Monira, Shwapon Kumar Biswas, M. Tasdik Hasan, Tahmina Parvin, Ismat Minhaj, Kazi Md. Zillur Rahman, Nowshin Papri, Mahamud ur Rashid, Lubaba Sharin, Alana Teman, Elizabeth D. Thomas, Kelsey Alland, Alain Labrique, David A. Sack, Jamie PerinMunirul Alam, Christine Marie George

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The Cholera-Hospital-Based Intervention for 7-days (CHoBI7) mobile health (mHealth) program delivers mobile messages to diarrhoea patient households promoting water treatment and handwashing with soap. The randomised controlled trial (RCT) of the CHoBI7 mHealth program demonstrated this intervention was effective in significantly reducing diarrhoea and stunting amoung young children. The objective of this study was to assess the implementation of the CHoBI7 mHealth program in delivering mHealth messages during this RCT. Methods: 517 diarrhoea patient households with 1777 participants received weekly text, voice and interactive voice response (IVR) messages from the CHoBI7 mHealth program over the 12-month program period. The program process evaluation indicators were the following: the percentage of CHoBI7 mHealth messages received and fully listened to by program households (program fidelity and dose), and household members reporting receiving and sharing an mHealth message from the program in the past two weeks (program reach). Results: Ninety two percent of text messages were received by program households. Eighty three percent of voice and 86% of IVR messages sent were fully listened to by at least one household member. Eighty one percent of IVR quiz responses from households were answered correctly. Program households reported receiving a CHoBI7 mHealth message in the past two weeks at 79% of monthly household visits during the 12-month program. Seventy seven percent of participants reported sharing a program message with a spouse, 55% with a neighbour and 49% with a child during the program period. Conclusion: There was high fidelity, dose and reach of mobile messages delivered for the CHoBI7 mHealth program. This study presents an approach for process evaluation that can be implemented to evaluate future mHealth programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)985-995
Number of pages11
JournalTropical Medicine and International Health
Volume25
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020

Keywords

  • diarrhoea
  • mobile health
  • randomised controlled trial
  • sanitation and hygiene
  • water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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