Procedural results and safety of common interventional procedures in congenital heart disease: Initial report from the national cardiovascular data registry

John W. Moore, Robert N. Vincent, Robert H. Beekman, Lee Benson, Lisa Bergersen, Ralf Holzer, Natalie Jayaram, Kathy Jenkins, Yan Li, Richard Ringel, Jonathan Rome, Gerard R. Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background The National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR) launched the IMPACT (Improving Pediatric and Adult Congenital Treatment) Registry in 2010. By 2013, its patient enrollment exceeded that of other current and historical congenital catheterization registries. Objectives This study sought to describe procedural results and safety of 6 common congenital interventions performed in patients enrolled during the IMPACT Registry's initial periods. Methods With specified exclusions, we compiled registry data from patients enrolled in the IMPACT Registry from January 2011 through March 2013 who underwent 1 of the following isolated procedures: device closure of atrial septal defect (ASD); device closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA); pulmonary valvuloplasty; aortic valvuloplasty; coarctation of the aorta angioplasty and stenting; and pulmonary artery stenting. Patient data, procedural data and results, and adverse events (AEs) were reviewed and described. RESULTS In 4,152 catheterizations, 1 isolated procedure was reported. There were 1,286 single-ASD procedures, 1,375 PDA procedures, 270 "typical" pulmonary valve procedures, 305 aortic valve procedures, 671 aortic procedures, and 245 pulmonary artery procedures. The reported procedure was performed in >95% of catheterizations. Stated outcomes were accomplished in >98% of ASD and PDA procedures, but less commonly in the others, with coarctation angioplasty procedures being the least successful (51%). Reported major AE rates ranged from 0% to 3.3%; total AE rates ranged from 5.3% to 24.3%. Conclusions Contemporary community practice, procedural outcomes, and safety for 6 common congenital interventional procedures are reported. These benchmarks may be compared with individual center results and historical singlecenter and multicenter results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2439-2451
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume64
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • ASD closure
  • Congenital cardiac interventions
  • Congenital valvuloplasty
  • Large-vessel stenting
  • PDA closure
  • Registry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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