Probing enzyme phosphoester interactions by combining mutagenesis and chemical modification of phosphate ester oxygens

James Stivers, Rajesh Nagarajan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This review covers studies that have used sulfur and carbon substitution of phosphate ester oxygens to probe the energetics of protein-ligand interactions, with a deliberate emphasis on enzymatic reactions. Topics discussed include (1) noncovalent interactions with phosphate esters, (2) chemical reactivity of phosphoester, phosphothioester and phosphonoester linkages, (3) free energy analysis, (4) experimental techniques, (5) examples using chemical modification of phosphate esters alone and (6) examples combining chemical modification and mutagenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3443-3467
Number of pages25
JournalChemical Reviews
Volume106
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2006

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Mutagenesis
Chemical modification
Esters
Phosphates
Oxygen
Enzymes
Chemical reactivity
Sulfur
Free energy
Substitution reactions
Carbon
Ligands
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Probing enzyme phosphoester interactions by combining mutagenesis and chemical modification of phosphate ester oxygens. / Stivers, James; Nagarajan, Rajesh.

In: Chemical Reviews, Vol. 106, No. 8, 08.2006, p. 3443-3467.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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